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Joel Leine > Anwers to test questions
Exploration - Rev. War
     Who took part in the victory of Saratoga, yet betrayed America?

a. George Washington     c. Ethan Allen

b. Benedict Arnold          d. George Rogers Clark

            “No man was a warmer for a reconciliation than myself, before the fatal nineteenth of April, 1775, but the moment the event of that day was made known, I rejected the hardened, sullen tempered Pharaoh of England for ever…..the wretch, that with the pretended title of Father of his people can unfeelingly hear of their slaughter, and composedly sleep with their blood upon his soul.”  Anonymous

     2. What document was this excerpt taken from?

          a. Common Sense                     c. Declaration of Independence

          b. Olive Branch Petition             d. Declaratory Act

     3. Who wrote the preceding document?

          a. Thomas Jefferson                  c. Thomas Paine

          b. John Hancock                       d. John Adams

     4.  Who did Washington send down to the south to keep Cornwallis busy from invading the north?

          a. Nathanael Greene                  c. Benedict Arnold

          b. Francis Marion                     d. Benjamin Martin

5. Which of the following was true of most Puritans who emigrated to seventeenth-century New England?         

          a. They had renounced the Church of England                          

          b. They rejected the authority of the English king

          c. They approved the crown’s religious policies

          d. Then intended to eventually return to England

6.  The low point of the Revolutionary War for the Continental Army was

          a. the battle at Saratoga.            c. the battle at Cowpens, SC.

          b. the battle at Bunker Hill.        d. the winter at Valley Forge.

7. The Triangular Trade could best be described as a network of trade routes connecting

a. American colonies, Europe, and Africa

b. England, and the West Indies

c. the Northern and Southern colonies

d. the colonies, West Indies, England, Europe, and Africa.

8.  What battle was considered the “turning point” of the Revolutionary War, in which America proved to the French that they could win the war?

          a. Battle of Bunker Hill               c. Battle of Yorktown

          b. Battle of Trenton                   d. Battle of Saratoga

9.  What battle did George Washington win, after he crossed the Delaware River on Christmas night?                                   

          a. Battle of Trenton         c. Battle of Princeton

          b. Battle of Yorktown      d. Battle of Bunker Hill

10.  In what battle did Cornwallis get trapped by Washington and the French, which ended the Revolutionary War?

          a. Battle of Cowpens       c. Battle of Kings Mountain

          b. Battle of Yorktown      d. Battle of Saratoga

11. What over riding concept came as a result of Roger Williams leaving Massachusetts?

a. that government had too much power.               

b. the idea of separation of church and state.

c. the separation of powers of government

d. none of the above.

     12.  What was the bloodiest battle of the Revolutionary War?         

a. Lexington and Concord         c. Battle of Cowpens

b. Battle of Rolling Hill              d. Battle of Bunker Hill

13. This event caused William and Mary to be put in place by Parliament; at that time they signed the English Bill of Rights.

a. Bacon’s Rebellion       c. Acts of Tolerance

b. Revolutionary War      d. Glorious Revolution

     14. What was the first successful British settlement in America?

          a. Yorktown                    c. Roanoke

          b. Rhode Island              d. Jamestown

     15. Who was the Prussian who volunteered to drill Washington’s men during the winter at Valley Forge? 

a. Frederick Von Steuben                   c. Marquise de Lafayette

b. Comte de Rochambeau                     d. Francis Marion

     16. Which of these is NOT considered a strength of the Patriots?

          a. British Navy                c. George Washington

          b. Francis Marion            d. Volunteers

17. What pre-revolutionary war act/event motivated the writings of the Fourth Amendment?

          a. Quartering Act                      c. Writs of Assistance

          b. Intolerable Acts                    d. Navigation Acts

     18. What cargo was carried on the middle passage of triangular trade?

          a. rum                             c. lumber

          b. tobacco                     d. enslaved people


19. What battle is known for beginning the Revolutionary War, in which no one knows who fired the first shot?

          a. Lexington          c. Bunker Hill

          b. Princeton           d. Trenton

20. Whose concepts did Jefferson draw upon as he drafted the Declaration of Independence?

          a. John Locke’s                        c. Benjamin Franklin’s

          b. Samuel Adam’s                    d. Marquise de Lafayette

21.  How did the Patriots win the battle of Yorktown without a naval presence?

a. Ships were not involved in the battle.                 

b. The British surrendered without a fight.

c. American troops had superior muskets.             

d. America relied on French ships.

22. These acts indirectly taxed goods such as glass, paper, paint, lead, and tea; which are all imported goods to the colonies.

a. Stamp Act                            c. Townshend Acts

b. Intolerable Acts                     d. Tea Act

     23.  The belief in equality of all people and that there is little difference between the rich and the poor is called___________.

          a. legalism             c. egalitarianism

          b. plagiarism          d. Liberalism

24. What peace petition was sent to King George III, by America, as a last effort for a peaceful separation?

          a. Olive Branch Petition             c. Treaty of Paris

          b. Appomattox Treaty               d. Proclamation of 1763

25. Which colonial region had the most religious diversity during the 1700s?

a. New England colonies           c. Middle colonies

b. Southern colonies                 d. Backcountry

     26. What act is the following quote from?

“An act for granting and applying certain stamp duties, and other duties, in the British colonies and plantations in America, towards further defraying the expenses of defending, protecting, and securing the same; and for amending such parts of the several acts of parliament relating to the trade and revenues of the said colonies and plantations, as direct the manner of determining and recovering the penalties and forfeitures therein mentioned.” 

Library of Congress

          a. Townshend Acts                             c. Intolerable Acts

          b. Stamp Act                                    d. Tea Act

27.  Who was elected President of the Continental Congress and became famous for being first to sign the Declaration of Independence?

          a. John Hancock              c. Thomas Jefferson

          b. John Hamilton             d. George Washington

     28. Who was the leader that saved Jamestown from starvation?

          a. John Smith                  c. John Williams

          b. John Winthrop            d. John Rolfe

     29. Which of the following acts led to the Third Amendment?

          a. Townshend Acts                   c. Writs of Assistance

          b. Declaratory Act                   d. Quartering Act

     30. When was the Declaration of Independence signed?

          a. July 4, 1777       c. July 4, 1776

          b. July 4, 1778       d. July 4, 1775

31. The Navigation acts were part of the British policy known as

          a. isolationism                 c. mercantilism      e. monopolism

          b. capitalism                    d. imperialism

32. What series of acts stated that sugar, tobacco, cotton wool and indigo were to be supplied to England only?

         a. Tea Act                       c. Intolerable Acts

          b. Townshend Acts         d. Navigation Acts

33. What was the primary reason for the establishment for each of the New England colonies?        

a. Religious differences             c. Economic differences

b. Federal vs. States rights        d. Economic struggles

     34. The Battle of Trenton was important to the Americans because

a. it prevented to capture of Philadelphia by the British.

b. it was a badly needed victory for Washington and his men inspiring more men to enlist.

c. it prompted the French to sign an alliance with the Americans.

d. it ended a series of victories in the south.

35. Individuals that could not pay for their way to the New World voluntarily came over as servants (slaves) for approximately 4 to 7 years and then were granted their freedom.  What label was given to these individuals?

          a. Middle Passengers                c. Slavers

          b. Indentured Servants              d. Slaves

36. The involvement of Marquise de Lafayette in the war meant that

          a. George Washington had failed as a leader.

          b. American troops would now be better trained.

          c. American troops would now gain reinforcements.                  

          d. France would dictate the terms of the peace treaty.

37. What religious group started Pennsylvania underneath William Penn, in which the colony earned the nickname the “Holy Experiment”?

          a. Puritans                       c. Catholics

          b. Protestants                  d. Quakers

38. Who was the first governor of Massachusetts that passed the laws linking the church to the government?

     a. Roger Williams            c. Thomas Hooker

     b. John Smith                  d. John Winthrop

39. What long term impact did the House of Burgesses have on the colonies?

     a. planting the seed of self governance.

     b. organized protests against England.

     c. the establishment of colonies as states.

     d. none of the above.

40. During the French and Indian War Britain tried to unite the colonies to build up an army and develop better relations with Native Americans.  What was this meeting referred to as?

     a. First Continental Congress     c. Second Continental Congress

     b. Albany Plan of Union            d. League of Nations

41. What group of Native Americans supported Britain and the colonies during the French and Indian War?

     a. Iroquois League                    c. Powhatan

     b. Creek Indians                       d. Algonquin

42. After the Intolerable Acts were enacted, 56 delegates met in Philadelphia to establish boycotts of British goods in what is known as the

     a. Committee of Correspondence                c. First Continental Congress

     b. Second Continental Congress                   d. Albany Plan of Union

43. “Gentlemen may cry peace, peace-but there is no peace.  The war is actually begun!  The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms!....Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery?  Forbid it, Almighty God!  I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty, or give me death!  Patrick Henry, May 1775

     At what meeting was this famous speech given?

     a. Albany Plan of Union            c. Committee of Correspondence

     b. House of Burgesses              d. Second Continental Congress

44. What were the civilians called that were asked to ready to raise arms and to fight at a moments notice?

     a. militia                 c. Continentals

     b. minutemen         d. loyalists

45. Who would have most likely written these words, “Everything that is right or reasonable pleads for separation.”

     a. Thomas Paine              c. General Cornwallis

     b. King George III           d. Benedict Arnold

46. What group of New Englanders organized boycotts of British goods and was most famously involved in the Boston Tea Party?

     a. Ladies of Liberty         c. loyalists

     b. Parliament                   d. Sons of Liberty

After this event John Adams decided to defend these eight individuals against the charge of murder stating that “the law should be deaf….to the clamors of the populace.” 

47. What event led up to this trial?

     a. Boston Tea Party         c. Repealing of the Stamp Act

     b. Intolerable Acts           d. Boston Massacre

48. About 1740, a religious movement began that “roared through the colonies like a sheet of flame and left behind a world transformed.”  What movement is the text above referring to?

     a. Great Migration           c. Great Awakening

     b. Enlightenment              d. Great Compromise

49. What philosophical movement emphasized reason as the key to understanding nature, economics, and politics?

     a. Great Migration           c. Great Awakening

     b. Enlightenment              d. Great Compromise

50. Who became famous for preaching “fire and brimstone” sermons, in order to get people to recognize their sins, stating that it is “a reasonable thing to fright persons away from hell.”?

     a. Benjamin Franklin        c. Jonathan Edwards

     b. Thomas Hooker          d. Roger Williams

                                        Articles of Conf. - Constitutional Convention
1. Under the Articles of Confederation, each state’s power in Congress was based on

            a. one vote per state                             c. the state’s total population

            b. the state’s size                                  d. the state’s voting population

2. The Articles of Confederation gave the national government the power to

            a. declare war                           c. regulate foreign trade

            b. collect taxes                          d. regulate interstate trade

3. From the time of the Declaration of Independence until the ratification of the Constitution, the United States functioned without

            a. state courts                                       c. a president

            b. an army                                            d. a national currency

4. Nullification promotes the idea of

            a. nationalism                            c. state’s rights

            b. territorial expansion              d. federal power

5. Shay’s Rebellion was a protest by farmers who faced problems from

            a. an oversupply of paper currency

            b. debts owed to creditors

            c. debts owed by Congress

            d. debts owed to them by the state of Massachusetts

6. The Great Compromise was an agreement about problems from

            a. ratifying the Constitution

            b. count slaves in determining population

            c. determine a state’s representation in Congress

            d. divide powers between the states and the central government

7. The system that maintains the separation of powers among the branches of the federal government is called

            a. reserved powers                               c. checks and balances

            b. delegated powers                             d. bicameral legislature

8. Which of the following did the Federalists promise to add to the Constitution if it was ratified?

            a. a bill of rights                                   

            b. a system of checks and balances

            c. provisions for the divisions of powers

            d. provisions for the separation of powers

9. How many of the states needed to ratify the Constitution for it to become law?

            a. 7 (a simple majority)                     c. 8 (three fifths)

            b. 9 ( two-thirds)                                  d. 13 (all)

10. A republic is a government in which

            a. citizens rule directly

            b. citizens rule through their elected representatives

            c. supreme power rests with a national government

            d. all of  the above

  11. Republicanism is the idea that

            a. a strong national government should hold supreme power

            b. governments should be based on the consent of the people

            c. government is necessary to force people to place the national good above their personal interest

            d. all of the above

12. What part of Hamilton’s economic plan did Jefferson say was unconstitutional?

            a. New Bonds                           c. Nationalizing the debt

            b. National Bank                       d. Excise Tax

13. A tariff is a tax placed on

            a. income                                  c. exported goods

            b. imported goods                      d. states

14. Who stated that in order for the republic to succeed the people would have to put the good of the nation above their own personal interests?

            a. John Adams                          c. Alexander Hamilton

            b. John Dickinson                      d. John Jay

15. The Northwest Land Ordinance of 1787

            a. claimed all lands west of the Appalachian Mountains for the United States

            b. established procedures for western lands to become territories and eventually   states

c. established procedures by which the original states could legalize claims to        western territory

            d. added territory to existing states

16. Adding a bill of rights to the Constitution was largely supported by the

            a. small states               c. Federalist

            b. large states                d. Anti-Federalist

17. Who was the author of the Virginia Plan?

            a. William Paterson                   c. James Madison

            b. Thomas Jefferson                  d. Patrick Henry

18. The significance of Jay’s Treaty was

            a. Britain gave up their forts in the Northwest Territory

            b. Spain allowed American access to the Mississippi River

            c. No more Native American resistance in the Ohio Valley

            d. None of the above

19. How many slaves would be counted as population for voting under the Constitution?

            a. three-fourths                         c. two-thirds

            b. one-third                               d. three-fifths

20. The Virginia Plan pushed for ______________________ legislative representation.

            a. proportional                           c. equal

            b. proper                                   d. disproportional

21. The purpose of the Constitutional Convention was to

            a. create a new Constitution                                          

            b. create a court system

            c. amend the Articles of Confederation              

            d. Add a bill of rights

22. The Articles of Confederation made too weak of a national government because

            a. Congress had no power to tax                        c. there was no national court system

            b. it could not regulate trade                               d. it could not repay debts

            e. all of the above

23. The New Jersey Plan pushed for _________________ legislative representation.

            a. proportional                           c. equal

            b. proper                                   d. disproportional

24. The Electoral College is an example of ____________ election of the President.

            a. direct                                    c. popular

            b. indirect                                  d. none of these

25. Who was the author of the Great Compromise?

            a. William Paterson                   c. Benjamin Franklin

            b. James Madison                      d. Roger Sherman

26.  Shay’s Rebellion contributed to the belief among political leaders that

            a. the articles of confederation were working well

            b. the nation needed a stronger central government

            c. big and small states should be represented equally in congress

            d. slaves should not be counted as people in determining representation

27.  The office of the president was first established in the

            a. Constitution                           c. Articles of Confederation

            b. Bill of Rights                         d. Declaration of Independence

28. The standards for admitting new states to the Union were set down in the

            a. Constitution                          

            b. Land Ordinance of 1785                    

            c. Articles of Confederation

            d. Northwest Land Ordinance of 1787

29. The proposal that called for a two-house legislature with one house having equal representation for each state and the other hiving representation based on population was the

            a. Virginia Plan                                     c. Great Compromise

            b. New Jersey Plan                               d. Three-Fifths Compromise

30.  The Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution to

            a. make the Constitution flexible            

            b. limit the power of the judicial branch  

            c. protect personal liberties

            d. make all citizens equal under the law

31. The framers of the Constitution provided for Supreme Court justices to be appointed for life so that the justices would

            a. not have to worry about earning money

            b. be independent of Congress and the president

            c. be able to cooperate with each other

            d. never be impeached

32. The system of checks and balances is designed to prevent the dominance of

            a. one house of  Congress over the other           

            b. Federalists over Antifederalists                      

            c. one branch of government over the other two

            d. northern states over southern states

33. The Antifederalists, in general, strongly supported the idea of

            a. a two-house legislature                                 

            b. more votes by large states in Congress         

            c. a strong central government

            d. a bill of rights


34.. The Sedition Act allowed the national government to jail people for

            a. making negative statements about the government

            b. challenging the constitutionality of a law

            c. selling, manufacturing, or distributing whiskey            

            d. not paying one’s debts in a timely manner

35. At the Constitutional Convention, small states backed which one of these plans of government?

            a. Virginia Plan                         c. Ten Percent Plan

            b. New Jersey Plan                   d. Articles of Confederation

36. Which plan at the Constitutional Convention favored large states?

            a. Virginia Plan                     c. Ten Percent Plan

            b. New Jersey Plan                   d. Articles of Confederation

37. At the Constitutional Convention proslavery states and antislavery states came to an agreement on how slaves should be counted as population.  What was the name of the Compromise?

            a. Three-Fourths Compromise              c. Popular Sovereignty

            b. Three-Thirds Compromise                d. Three-Fifths Compromise

38. What political party was for a strong central government in which John Adams and Alexander Hamilton were members of?

            a. Federalists                            c. Democratic Republicans

            b. Anti-Federalists                    d. Whigs

39. What political party was for strong state governments and farming, in which Thomas Jefferson was a member of?

            a. Federalists                            c. Democratic Republicans

            b. Whigs                                   d. Free-Soil Party

40. What political view did Jefferson and the Democratic Republicans support, in which the Constitution should be taken word for word with little or no interpretation?

            a. loose interpretation                c. strong interpretation

            b. fine interpretation                  d. strict interpretation

41. What document declared that Federal laws could be voided by state governments if they violated the Bill of Rights?

            a. Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions                   c. The Federalist

            b. Preamble                                                      d. Delaware & Virginia Resolutions

42. Under the Constitution, how is the lower house of Congress divided?

            a. Each state sends two representatives

            b. Each state sends four representatives

c. Each state sends a number of representatives based on the size of its territory

d. Each state sends a number of representatives based on the size of its population

43. “We dissent……because it is the opinions of the most celebrated writers on government…..that very extensive territory cannot be governed on the principles of freedom, otherwise than by a confederation of republics, possessing all the powers of internal government; but united in the management of their general, and foreign concerns.”

                                                                                    Minority opinion, 1787

                                                                                    Constitutional Convention

According to this quotation, you can conclude that some representatives at the Constitutional Convention wanted

a.        more authority to remain with the states rather than being transferred to the federal government

b.       state government to be dissolved and laws to be made by the federal government

c.        the federal government to be dissolved and laws to be made by state governments

d.       greater power to be given to states to regulate foreign affairs

44. Which newspaper headline best illustrates the ineffectiveness of the Articles of Confederation?

                  a. Whiskey Rebellion Begins in Western Pennsylvania

                  b. New York Imposes Tariff on Connecticut Goods

                  c. Supreme Court Denied Power of Judicial Review

                  d. Land Ordinance of 1785 Issued by Congress

45. As Britain and France went to war in 1793, Washington settled the issue by

            a. Jay’s Treaty                          c. Pinckney’s Treaty

            b. Diplomacy                            d. neutrality

46. All of the following events led to the passing of the Alien & Sedition Acts except

            a. Actions of Edmond Genet                 c. XYZ Affair

            b. Jay’s Treaty                                      d. Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions


47. How did the Whiskey Rebellion differ from Shay’s Rebellion?

            a. Whiskey Rebellion proved America had a strong central government

            b. Whiskey Rebellion proved that the weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation

            c. Shay’s Rebellion proved America had a strong central government

            d. Both showed that the nation was heading towards anarchy

48.  “Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute” was a reaction to which of the     following events

            a. XYZ Affair                           c. Alien and Sedition Acts

            b. Whiskey Rebellion                d. Washington’s declaration of neutrality

49. The significance of Pinckney’s Treaty was

            a. Britain gave up their forts in the Northwest Territory

            b. Spain allowed American access to the Mississippi River

            c. No more Native American resistance in the Ohio Valley

            d. None of the above

                                                Jefferson - Jackson    (A)
1. What court case established that the Federal government has the power to regulate just about everything that crosses state lines?

         a. McCulloch v. Maryland                    c. Fletcher v. Peck

        b. Dartmouth v. Woodward                  d. Gibbons v. Ogden                         

  1. A long slow process which changed the way goods were produced is called?

a. Mass Production                   c. Interchangeable Parts

b. Industrial Revolution            d. Computer Revolution

  1. The system in which supporters of Andrew Jackson were given jobs based on loyalty and their relation to Jackson was called?

a. American System                  c. Spoils System

b. Jacksonian System                d. Foliage System

  1. What ultimatum was given to European nations not to interfere with the Western Hemisphere?

                        a. Monroe Doctrine                  c. American System

                        b. Truman Doctrine                   d. Manifest Destiny

  1. What process removed Native Americans from their lands and forced them to journey across the country in which one quarter of them died?

a. Trail of Tears                        c. Oregon Trail

b. Santa Fe Trail                       d. Temperance Movement

  1. What compromise admitted Maine as a free-state and Missouri as a slave state which kept the balance between slave and free states in the Senate?

a. Great Compromise               c. American System

b. 3/5ths Compromise                d. Missouri Compromise

  1. What President established the foreign policy guided by the belief in Nationalism and was the first President to win an election without winning the popular vote?

                        a. John Quincy Adams            c. Andrew Jackson

                        b. John Adams                         d. Henry Clay

  1. The belief that national interests and unity come before foreign affairs is called?

                        a. Expansionism                        c. Nationalism

                        b. Manifest Destiny                   d. Transcendentalism

  1. What Supreme Court decision nullified a Georgia law that violated individual’s constitutional right to enter into contracts?

                        a. McCulloch v. Maryland                    c. Fletcher v. Peck

                        b. Dartmouth v. Woodward                  d. Gibbons v. Ogden

  1. Who memorized plans and illegally came over from Britain to start the first American mill?

a. Sam Mills                 c. Samuel Adams

b. John Adams             d. Samuel Slater

  1. What political party did Andrew Jackson and the Jacksonians establish?

                        a. Democratic Party                  c. Federalists

                        b. Whig Party                           d. Republican Party

  1. What treaties placed Native Americans towards the center of the country away from Americans?

a. Indian Displacement Act                   c. Trail of Tears

b. Indian Removal Act                          d. Transcendental Act

  1. What part of the government did Andrew Jackson attempt to destroy because it was corrupted?

                        a. Pet Banks                             c. Supreme Court

                        b. State governments                d. BUS

  1. The state and local banks which Andrew Jackson had moved federal money to were called?

                        a. Pet Banks                             c. County Banks

                        b. Citizens Bank                       d. BUS

  1. Andrew Jackson used the power of the presidency to

            a. influence Supreme Court decisions in which he was interested.

            b. fire many federal officials and appoint loyal members in their places.

            c. raise tariffs to fill the government treasury funds.        

            d. recognize the land claims of the Cherokee Nation.

  1. Which idea is promoted by the concept of nullification? 

            a. nationalism                c. judicial review

            b. state’s rights             d. territorial expansion

  1. What court case decided that New Hampshire could not revise its original charter which meant that states could not interfere with federal contracts?

                        a. McCulloch v. Maryland                    c. Fletcher v. Peck

                        b. Dartmouth v. Woodward                  d. Gibbons v. Ogden

  1. What is the production of goods in large quantities?

a. Factory System                     c. Interchangeable Parts

b. Mass Production                  d. Industrial Revolution

  1. The belief that the United States was to expand from the Atlantic Coast to the Pacific Coast is called?

            a. Utopia                                     c. Monroe Doctrine

            b. Manifest Destiny                   d. Nationalism

  1. What system united the country’s economies and made the nation self-sufficient?

                        a. American System                  c. Economic System

                        b. Americana                            d. Industrial Revolution

  1. The factory system was dependent on all of the following except

a. craftsman.                                         c. inexpensive labor.

b. interchangeable parts.                       d. power-driven machinery.

  1. The Industrial Revolution in the United States involved all of the following except

a. a steadily growing slave trade in the south.                

b. the construction of textile factories in New England.

            c. the introduction of labor-saving machinery.                           

            d. a decrease in the nation’s dependence on foreign trade.

  1. The Missouri compromise

a. declared Missouri a free state.

b. declared New York a slave state

c. maintained the balance of slave and free states.

d. set up the Mississippi River as the dividing line between free and slave holding states.


  1. Which development led to a sharp rise in the number of slaves imported to the southern United States?

            a. the cotton gin                                    c. steam-powered machinery

            b. interchangeable parts                        d. the canal system

  1. What political party was for strong state governments and farming, in which Thomas Jefferson was a member of?

            a. Federalists                            c. Democratic Republicans

            b. Whigs                                   d. Free-Soil Party

  1. Who dueled and killed Alexander Hamilton?

            a. Aaron Burr                           c. Thomas Jefferson

            b. George Washington              d. Andrew Jackson

  1. What political view did Jefferson and the Democratic Republicans support, in which the Constitution should be taken word for word with little or no interpretation?

            a. loose interpretation                c. strong interpretation

            b. fine interpretation                  d. strict interpretation

  1. The 1828 “Tariff of Abominations” was given that name by those who thought the tariff hurt the South while helping

a. British importers                                c. small farmers

b. Northern manufacturers                    d. frontier settlers in the West

  1. The belief that the United States was to expand from the Atlantic Coast to the Pacific Coast is called?

a. Utopia                                  c. Monroe Doctrine

b. Manifest Destiny                   d. Nationalism

  1. What principle was affirmed in the Supreme Court case of Marbury v. Madison?

            a. the right of the citizens to criticize their government

            b. the right of the Supreme Court to declare an act of Congress             unconstitutional.

            c. the right of Congress to declare war

            d. the right of states to nullify an act of Congress that they deem             unconstitutional

  1. The idea of Manifest Destiny included all of the following beliefs except

      a. Commerce and industry would decline as the nation expanded its agricultural base.

      b. The use of land for settled agriculture was preferable to its use for nomadic    hunting.

      c. Westward expansion was both inevitable and beneficial.

      d. God had selected America as a chosen land and people.

      e. The ultimate extent of the American domain was to be from the tropics to the             artic.

  1. The Embargo Act of 1807 had which of the following effects on the U.S.?

      a. It severely damaged American manufacturing.

      b. It enriched many cotton plantation owners.

      c. It disrupted American shipping.

      d. It was ruinous to subsistence farmers.

      e. It had little economic impact.

  1. The Jefferson administration advocated which of the following changes as a means of restoring republican ideals?

      a. Abolishing the Bank of the U.S.

      b. Reducing the scope of activities of the federal government

      c. Discontinuing the funding of state debts.

      d. Increasing the size of the U.S. military

      e. Adopting the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions at the national level

  1. The immediate effect of Andrew Jackson’s attack on the Second Bank of the U.S. in 1834 was

      a. the creation of the “independent treasury”

      b. an expansion of credit and speculation

      c. the failure of state banks

      d. the establishment of modern banking system

      e. the creation of a federal deficit

  1. With the Monroe Doctrine, the U.S.

      a. claimed the Oregon territory for the U.S.

      b. warned European nations not to interfere with affairs in the Western   Hemisphere

      c. admitted Missouri to the Union as a slave state

      d. authorized the removal of Indians from lands east of the Mississippi

  1. During the 1840s, the advantage that canals had over railroads was that

      a. shipping by canal was faster

      b. canals were cheaper than railroads

      c. canals were more direct than railroads

      d. weather affected canal traffic less

  1. The current practice of replacing high ranking members of the executive branch when a new president takes office began under

      a. James Monroe

      b. Andrew Jackson

      c. Martin Van Buren

      d. John Quincy Adams

  1. Nullification promotes the idea of

      a. nationalism

      b. states’ rights

      c. judicial review

      d. territorial expansion

  1. The concept of states’ rights was enthusiastically supported by

a. John Marshall

b. Daniel Webster

c. Andrew Jackson

d. John C. Calhoun

  1. Henry Clay proposed the American System for all of the following reasons except

a. to unify the nation

b. to bring an end to slavery

c. to create a national currency

d. to improve methods of transportation

  1. What was the British policy of seizing American ships and drafting them into their navy?

a. embargo

b. blockade

c. armistice

d. impressment

  1. What event in the War of 1812 led to Andrew Jackson’s popularity?

a. the burning down of the executive mansion

b. the Battle of Lake Erie

c. recognized as a part of the War Hawks

d. Treaty of Ghent

e. the Battle of New Orleans

  1. In the War of 1812 who tried to create the United Native American Nation?

a. William Henry Harrison

b. Sacajawea

c. Tecumseh

d. Little Turtle
                                Pre -Civil War - Reconstruction

  1. When Reconstruction began, which of the following groups of Americans living in the South tended to support the Democratic Party?

      a. scalawags                         c. African Americans

      b. carpetbaggers                  d. wealthy landowners

  1. Congress voted to pass the following, which provided food and clothing and assisted former slaves and poor whites.

      a. Freedmen’s Bureau                     c. Reconstruction Act of 1867

      b. Amnesty Act                                  d. Civil Rights Act of 1866.

  1. In which area did the South have an advantage over the North in the Civil War?

      a. food production                 c. industrial capacity

      b. civilian leadership             d. military leadership

  1. The arsenal in Virginia with which John Brown attempted to capture and use its arms for a slave uprising was at ___________.

      a. Fort Sumter                       c. Harpers Ferry

      b. Fort Ticonderoga              d. Roanoke

  1. Who was the slave, whose owner died, and tried to sue on the grounds that he was a free man since he at one point had lived in a free state?  It was ruled that he was not a citizen (property) and therefore could not sue.

      a. Roger Taney                      c. Dred Scott

      b. Frederick Douglas            d. William Lloyd Garrison

  1. Who was elected President of Confederate States of America?

      a. Thomas Jefferson             c. Abraham Lincoln

      b. Robert E. Lee                    d. Jefferson Davis

  1. Which allowed many former Confederates to vote and hold elective office?

      a. Freedmen’s Bureau                     c. Reconstruction Act of 1867

      b. Amnesty Act                                  d. Civil Rights Act of 1866.

  1. Grant and Sherman’s strategy of total war, in the Civil War, targeted not only the Confederate army but also the _____.
    1. civilian population of the south        
    2. Northern citizens sympathetic to the south
    3. enslaved population of the south
    4. Native Americans who were not loyal to the U.S.
  2. The belief that each state should have the right to choose whether they would be free or a slave state which Stephen Douglas strongly supported was called?

      a. Free-Soiler                        c. Wilmot Proviso

      b. Great Compromise          d. Popular Sovereignty

  1. Which of the following abolished slavery in the North?

      a. the Gettysburg Address               c. the compromise of 1850

      b. the Thirteenth Amendment           d. Emancipation Proclamation

  1. What battle was the “turning point” of the Civil War which crippled the South to where it would never again invade the North?

      a. Gettysburg                         c. Shiloh

      b. Chancellorsville                 d. Antietam


  1. What location did Lee surrender to Grant ending the Civil War?

      a. Fort Sumter                       c. Shiloh

      b. Gettysburg                     d. Appomattox Courthouse

  1. What slogan did James K. Polk use which referred to the latitude of the northern limits of the Oregon Territory?

      a. Fifty-Four Forty or Fight               c. Twenty-Eight Thirty or Die

      b. Fifty-Four Forty to Live                 d. Forty-Eight or Fight

  1. Which of the following established the final borders of the lower 48 states?

      a. Gadsden Purchase                      c. Webster-Ashburton Treaty

      b. annexation of Texas                     d. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

  1. Which event was most responsible for creating a diverse population in California?

      a. the gold rush                                  c. the invention of the steel plow

      b. the Treaty of Fort Laramie           d. the war with Mexico

  1. What was the largest impact the Supreme Court’s decisions had on Reconstruction?

      a. The federal government lost the power to protect African-Americans

      b. The Supreme Court undermined the 14th and 15th Amendments

    c. The Supreme Court’s decisions help the South regain control of Southern legislatures

    d. All of the above                            

  1. The Republican Party was formed by people who, despite their differences, were united in their

      a. fear of “Papal Power.”                  c. fear of federal power.

      b. opposition to slavery.                   d. support of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.

  1. Which of the following individuals would have supported the view that slavery should not spread because it is morally and politically wrong?

      a. Stephen Douglas              c. Abraham Lincoln

      b. John Brown                        d. John C. Calhoun

  1. How did Mexico entice American settlers to move into and protect its northern territory in what is present day Texas?

      a. Annex                     c. Empresario

      b. Tejano                    d. Land grants

  1. What is the main reason that Lincoln did not respond with force to the Confederate threat to attack Fort Sumter?
    1. He wanted the Union to fire the first shots in the war.
    2. He wished to treat the Confederacy as a legitimate nation.
    3. He did not want to anger Republicans and slave states still in the Union.
    4. He had decided to abandon Fort Sumter.
  2. ____ was not part of the Union’s original three-part plan to conquer the South in the Civil War.
    1. Blockading Southern ports 
    2. Drafting freed slaves to fight for the Union
    3. Capturing the Confederate capital             
    4. Splitting the Confederacy in two
  3. What was the political significance of the Emancipation Proclamation for the war effort?
    1. to free all slaves in the United States.
    2. to free slaves behind Confederate lines.
    3. to get the slave states in the Union to join the war.
    4. to create a moral and reenergized purpose for the war.
  4. Because it was one of only two Confederate holdouts preventing the Union from taking complete control of the Mississippi River, Grant focused on capturing

      a. New Orleans                      c. Vicksburg

      b. Baton Rouge                     d. Gettysburg

  1. What was the result of the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
    1. several years of peace on the issue of slavery
    2. the end of the political career of Stephen Douglas
    3. popular sovereignty for Kansas and Nebraska
    4. a reaffirmation of the Missouri Compromise
  2. The Fourteenth Amendment was passed to provide a constitutional basis for the

      a. black codes                                   c. Thirteenth Amendment

      b. Compromise of 1877                   d. Civil Rights Act of 1866

  1. Hiram Revels was the first African-American

      a. U.S. senator                      c. cabinet member

      b. army general                     d. Supreme Court Justice

  1. The congressional leader of the Radical Republicans was

      a. Hiram Revels                     c. Samuel J. Tilden

      b. Horace Greeley                 d. Thaddeus Stevens

  1. The Compromise of 1877 signaled the end to

      a. the Panic of 1873             c. Reconstruction

      b. the Republican Party        d. civil rights legislation

  1. A state government that runs without federal intervention illustrates the idea of

      a. home rule                           c. redemption

      b. carpetbagging                   d. impeachment

  1. Who was the commander of the Confederate Army and is considered one of the greatest generals in the Civil War?

      a. Ulysses S. Grant               c. Robert E. Lee

      b. David G. Farragut             d. George McClellan

  1. No one can be kept from voting because of race, color, or former enslavement, according to the

      a. black codes                                       c. Fourteenth Amendment

      b. Thirteenth Amendment                 d. Fifteenth Amendment

  1. Who was the commanding general of the Union army?

      a. Ulysses S. Grant               c. Robert E. Lee

      b. Stonewall Jackson            d. David G. Farragut


  1. Who did the Radical Republicans believe should be in charge of Reconstruction policy?

      a. the judicial branch of the federal government

      b. the executive branch of the federal government

      c. the legislative branch of the federal government

      d. the newly elected governments of former Confederate states

  1. Which of the following showed that President Andrew Johnson did not support greater rights for African-Americans in the South?

      a. He allowed many high-ranking Confederates to vote without swearing allegiance to the United States.

      b. He vetoed the Freedmen’s Bureau Act and the Civil Rights Act of 1866.

      c. He fired Secretary of War Edwin Stanton.

      d. He supported a Reconstruction plan similar to President Lincoln’s plan.

  1. After the Civil War, why did new Republican governments in the South have difficulty?

      a. African Americans resented interference from carpetbaggers.

      b. Slavery remained in force in several Southern states.

      c. Many white Southerners refused to accept equal rights for blacks.

      d. African Americans did not hold office at the state or local level.

  1. Why did the federal government eventually send troops into the South?

      a. to keep Confederate veterans from forming a new Southern army

      b. to limit violence and voter intimidation against African Americans

      c. to protect the land farmed by African American sharecroppers

      d. to put down riots caused by the bank failures during the Panic of 1873

  1. Which of the following is an example of “redemption” as it was defined near the end of Reconstruction?

      a. A state government had been under Republican leadership for 12    years, but then Democrats returned to power, or “redeemed” the state.

      b. A Grant’s administration was plagued with scandal, but he “redeemed”       himself by firing many corrupt officials

      c. After a long struggle to gain civil rights, African Americans finally      secured, or “redeemed” their right to vote

      d. A presidential candidate lost the popular vote, but was “redeemed”             when the Electoral College vote won him the election

  1. The publicity surrounding the return of runaway slaves had the effect of encouraging the rise of

      a. nativist sentiment                                     

      b. abolitionist sentiment in the north           

      c. abolitionist sentiment in the South

      d. Northern support for the Fugitive Slave Law


  1. Of all the states that seceded before and during the Civil Warm, the worst blow to the Union was the secession of

      a. Georgia                  c. Virginia

      b. South Carolina      d. North Carolina

  1. The Freeport Doctrine was a group of personal liberty laws passed in many states in order to get around the

      a. Fugitive Slave Act             c. Kansas-Nebraska Act

      b. Redemption Act                d. Compromise of 1850

  1. The Battle of Gettysburg is considered the decisive battle of the Civil War because

      a. it resulted in the fewest Union and Confederate casualties

      b. Lee’s defeat destroyed his hopes of invading the North

      c. Grant’s victory made him optimistic about winning the war

      d. the battle revealed that land features didn’t matter

  1. What was Abraham Lincoln’s position toward the expansion of slavery during the Lincoln-Douglas debates?

      a. He opposed the expansion of slavery

      b. He encouraged the expansion of slavery

      c. He supported the right of residents in a territory to decide the issue

      d. He avoided taking a position in order to avoid offending Southern voters

                                                 Late 1800s

  1. The use of standardize time and time zones were introduced in order to benefit?
    1. telephone and telegraph operators            
    2. railroad companies and train travelers
    3. manufacturers who dealt in interstate trade          
    4. factory owners whose workers had set schedules
  2. The main immigration processing station in New York was called

      a. Ellis Island                          c. Angel Island

      b. Tammany Hall                   d. Hull House

  1. The main goal of the Americanization movement was to
    1. limit the number of immigrants entering the country.
    2. assimilate people of various cultures into the dominant culture.
    3. improve the living conditions in America’s largest cities.
    4. encourage people to move from the country to the city.
  2. The Sherman Antitrust Act
    1. outlawed the formation of trusts that interfered with free trade.  
    2. was supported by millionaire industrialists.
    3. was used by labor unions to fight for workers’ rights.
    4. encouraged the establishment of large-scale businesses.
  3. Why did the policy of treating the Great Plains as a huge reservation change?
    1. White settlers began wanting the land on the Plains
    2. Native Americans refused to remain on the Plains
    3. Native Americans populations decreased and needed less land
    4. The Plains failed to meet the needs of Native American peoples
  4. Which of the following was Not central to the life and culture of the Plains Indians in the late 1800s?

      a. the horse                c. the extended family

      b. the buffalo              d. land ownership

  1. Who were the exodusters?
    1. European immigrants who settled the Great Plains
    2. Plains Indians forced onto reservations in the late 1800s
    3. former slaves from the South who settled on the Great Plains
    4. cowboys who worked long drives in the summer and odd jobs in the winter
  2. Which of the following did not intensify the debts that Plains farmers had during the late 1800s?

      a. inflation                               c. a tight money supply

      b. falling prices                      d. a shrinking supply of farm land

  1. The intent of the Homestead Act was to      

      a. prevent African Americans from settling in the West    .          

      b. settle Native American farming communities.

      c. make money for the government.           

      d. encourage white families to develop the West.

  1. Why did little of the free land offered by the Homestead Act end up being claimed by settlers?
    1. The land was too difficult to farm
    2. Few settlers wanted to move West at the time
    3. Most of it was taken by people seeking profits
    4. The government put too many restrictions on its use
  2. Which of the following was most responsible for bringing an end to the era of the wide-open western frontier?

      a. the railroad                        c. sheep ranching

      b. barbed wire                       d. bonanza farming

  1. Why did Plains farmers in the late 1800s tend to support bimetallism?
    1. It would put more money in circulation
    2. It would make the nation’s money supply safer
    3. It would lower the prices of seed and farm machinery
    4. It would allow them to profit from the mineral rights on their land
  2. Which of the following marked the collapse of Populism?

      a. the Panic of 1893                         c. the “Cross of Gold” speech

      b. the founding of the Grange          d. the election of William McKinley

  1. The education of Plains Indian children traditionally did Not include

      a. myths                      c. books

      b. examples               d. games

  1. Demand for beef in the East contributed to
    1. the invention of the cowboy’s way of life
    2. the end of the long drives
    3. the development of the Chisholm Trail
    4. the decline of the railroads
  2. Which of the following most allowed manufacturers to build their factories away from rivers?

      a. electricity                            c. railroads

      b. steel beams                       d. the telephone

  1. Why was Pullman, Illinois, an unusual town?
    1. it had one main industry                  
    2. it specialized in a regional product
    3. it owed its prosperity to the railroads
    4. it was built by a company to house its workers
  2. Which of the following did Social Darwinism discourage?

      a. hard work                           c. government regulation

      b. industrialization                 d. the accumulation of wealth

  1. What did industrial consolidation and trust reduce during the late 1800s?

      a. corruption                           c. competition

      b. monopolies                        d. interstate commerce

  1. The Dawes Act was designed to benefit

      a. Native Americans             c. both Native Americans and white settlers

      b. white settlers                     d. neither Native Americans and white settlers


  1. Andrew Carnegie gained control of a large percentage of the steel industry by doing all of the following except

      a. buying out his suppliers                            c. buying out his competitors

      b. cutting the quality of his products            d. underselling his competitors

  1. Vertical integration, a business strategy used by steel mogul Andrew Carnegie, involves
    1. buying out raw material producers and distributors
    2. merging with companies producing similar products
    3. forming trusts
    4. using new methods to increase production
  2. The Interstate Commerce Act gave the right to supervise railroad activities to
    1. the federal government                    
    2. railroad company officials   
    3. farmers’ groups, such as the Grange
    4. a select committee of wealthy industrialists
  3. The main immigration processing station in San Francisco was called

      a. Ellis Island                          c. Angel Island

      b. Tammany Hall                   d. Hull House

  1. The major reason that single-crop bonanza farms eventually failed was due to
    1. their inability to adapt to difficult weather conditions
    2. shipping costs were too great for the size of the farms
    3. farm workers were unable to communicate effectively
    4. sources of labor were scarce
  2. The Homestead Act was important in the growth of the West because it
    1. set aside reservations for Native Americans
    2. created the Department of Agriculture to aid farmers
    3. encouraged settlement of the Great Plains
    4. provided land to build a canal system
  3. Which statement best summarizes the argument white settlers used to claim land in the Great Plains on which Native Americans lived?
    1. Native Americans roamed the plains hunting buffalo
    2. Native Americans had not settled down to improve the land
    3. There was room for more people on the Great Plains
    4. Native Americans had left their farming villages on the Great Plains
  4. The term that refers to the mixture of diverse cultures whose people blended together by abandoning their native language and customs is

      a. Nativism                 c. melting pot

      b. blending                 d. populism

  1. The row house was a new type of housing that conserved space by
    1. rising ten or more stories high
    2. combining air vents with trash disposal areas
    3. sharing side walls with other buildings
    4. enclosing a park shared by several buildings


  1. Who invented the typewriter?

      a. Edwin L. Drake                 c. Christopher Sholes

      b. Thomas Alva Edison        d. George M. Pullman

  1. Who was the first to successfully use a steam engine to remove oil from beneath the earth’s surface?

      a. Edwin L. Drake                 c. Andrew Carnegie

      b. John D. Rockefeller          d. Henry Bessemer

  1. Who created trusts and was criticized as a robber baron while serving as head of the Standard Oil Company?

      a. Edwin L. Drake                 c. Andrew Carnegie

      b. John D. Rockefeller          d. Henry Bessemer

  1. Who perfected the incandescent light bulb, created an electrical power system, and organized power plants?

      a. Edwin L. Drake                 c. Christopher Sholes

      b. Thomas Alva Edison        d. George M. Pullman

  1. Who developed a cheap and effective manufacturing process for making steel?

      a. Alexander Graham Bell                c. George M. Pullman

      b. Henry Bessemer                           d. Thomas Alva Edison

  1. Who opened the way for worldwide communication with the invention of the telephone?

      a. Alexander Graham Bell                c. George M. Pullman

      b. Henry Bessemer                           d. Thomas Alva Edison

  1. Who was the railroad car mogul who built a town to house his employees?

      a. George M. Pullman                       c. Henry Bessemer

      b. Edwin L. Drake                             d. Andrew Carnegie

  1. What Scottish immigrant made a fortune in steel and donated most of his profits?

      a. Edwin L. Drake                 c. Andrew Carnegie

      b. John D. Rockefeller          d. Henry Bessemer

  1. What is the term for a corporation that is made up of many companies that receive certificates entitling them to dividends on profits earned?

      a. trust                                         c. monopoly

      b. holding company               d. vertical integration

  1. What is the term for a market in which one company has complete control over an industry’s production, quality, wages paid, and prices charged?

      a. trust                                         c. monopoly

      b. holding company               d. vertical integration

  1. This was a plan that sought to abolish Native American’s traditional cultures?

      a. soddy                                 c. bimetallism                        e. assimilation

      b. Morrill Act                           d. Homestead Act                

  1. Who was the Populist candidate that lost the election of 1896?

      a. William Jennings Bryan                c. Oliver Hudson Kelley

      b. George A. Custer                         d. William McKinley


  1. The Morrill Act

      a. gave federal land to the states to help finance agricultural colleges

      b. gave land in Kansas to African Americans willing to settle and farm it

      c. gave federal land to railroad companies to encourage railroad building

      d. gave 160 acres of free land to anyone willing to cultivate it for five years

Answer the following using the political cartoon

Read the primary source and answer the following questions

43.  Which of the following court cases won states the right to regulate the railroads?

      a. Marbury v. Madison                      c. Georgia v. Peck

      b. McCullock v. Maryland                 d. Munn v. Illinois

                                    Imperialism - Progressivism

1. Which statement best characterizes Theodore Roosevelt’s position on trusts?

    1. Some trusts were harmful to the public interest
    2. All trusts should be busted.
    3. Trusts were of benefit to the public interest
    4. Trusts were legal and could not be abolished      
  1. A bill that originates from the people rather than legislators is known as          

      a. a recall                                           c. a referendum

      b. an initiative                                    d. an amendment

  1. Muckrakers were

      a. journalists                           c. suffragists

      b. conservationists                d. politicians

  1. The first person to use the presidency as a “bully pulpit” was

      a. Willam H. Taft                                c. Woodrow Wilson

      b. Theodore Roosevelt                     d. William McKinley

  1. In the Jungle, Upton Sinclair exposed

a. dangers faced by coal miners.                     

b. corrupt business practices of the Standard Oil Company.

c. unsanitary conditions in the meat-packing industry.           

d. illegal deals between special interests and the government

  1. Jim Crow laws were laws that 

      a. separated the races         c. promoted discrimination against women

      b. taxed voters                       d. denied citizenship to Asians

  1. Which effect can be traced directly to the Supreme Court’s ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson?

a. Southern blacks lost their voting rights for 60 years.

b. Lynching of African Americans continued into the 1920s.

c. Racial segregation was permitted for nearly 60 years.

d. Race riots broke out in New York and other large cities.

  1. Who expressed the belief that racism would end as blacks acquired practical work skills and proved their economic value to society?

      a. W.E.B Du Bois                              c. Booker T. Washington

      b. Ida B. Wells                                   d. William Torrey Harris

  1. The Sherman Antitrust Act

a. outlawed the formation of trusts that interfered with free trade.    

b. was supported by millionaire industrialists.

c. was used by labor unions to fight for workers’ rights.

d. encouraged the establishment of large-scale businesses

  1. Which of the following did Social Darwinism discourage?

      a. hard work                           c. government regulation

      b. industrialization                 d. the accumulation of wealth

  1. The law that required truthful labels was the                                                                    

      a. Pure Food and Drug Act              c. Sherman Antitrust Act

      b. Meat Inspection Act                      d. Interstate Commerce Act


  1. Which allowed for the popular, or direct, election of U.S. senators?

      a. Sixteenth Amendment                  c. Seventeenth Amendment

      b. Eighteenth Amendment               d. Nineteenth Amendment

  1. Which of the following enabled voters to remove public officials from elected positions by forcing them to face an election before the end of their term if enough voters request it?

      a. a recall                                           c. a referendum

      b. an initiative                                    d. an amendment

  1. The main goal of the Chinese Exclusion Act was to

a. decrease Chinese immigration                   

b. create segregated classrooms

c. settle a disagreement between China and the United States.

d. stop Chinese Americans from attending school in the United States

  1. Which of the following pieces of legislation was implemented as a result of the book The Jungle?

      a. Meat Inspection Act                      c. Sherman Antitrust Act

      b. Clayton Antitrust Act                     d. National Park Service Act

  1. In the mid-1800s, the majority of women who held jobs worked as

      a. servants                             c. clerks

      b. teachers                             d. telephone operators

  1. The primary goal of the NAACP was

      a. voting rights for women.               c. regulation of the banking industry.

      b. better working conditions.            d. equality among the races.

  1. Which of the following best states the primary goal of prohibitionists?

      a. to eliminate the sale of alcohol to minors

      b. to eliminate the use of alcohol in society

      c. to reduce accidents in the workplace

      d. to reduce the availability of alcohol to minors

  1. Why were early progressive attempts to enact federal bans on child labor unsuccessful?

      a. The bans had little public support.

      b. Labor unions fought the legislation.

      c. Factory owners simply ignored the laws.

      d. The Supreme Court ruled such bans unconstitutional.

  1. Which strategy was Not employed by woman suffragists to obtain their goal?

      a. They called for female workers to strike.

      b. They advocated a constitutional amendment.

      c. They tested the Fourteenth Amendment in court.

      d. They convinced state legislatures to grant women the right to vote.

  1. What was the primary motivation for the passage of the Sixteenth Amendment?

      a. to curb the power of corporations

      b. to replace revenue lost by enacting lower tariffs

      c. to reduce the gap between rich and poor

      d. to create a war chest to pay for future wars

  1. Which of the following did the U.S. insist that Cuba include in its constitution?

      a. the Boxer Protocol            c. the Teller Amendment

      b. the Platt Amendment        d. the Roosevelt Corollary

  1. On what did the Roosevelt Corollary build upon?

      a. Monroe Doctrine               c. Platt Amendment

      b. Open Door Policy             d. Foraker Act

  1. What was the purpose of the Foraker act?

      a. to give Cuba and Puerto Rico to the U.S.

      b. to grant Puerto Rican residents U.S. citizenship

      c. to end the Puerto Rican uprising

      d. to end military rule and set up civil government in Puerto Rico

  1. The leaders of the Progressive movement were primarily

      a. farmers interested in improving agricultural production

      b. immigrant activists attempting to change restrictive immigration laws

      c. representatives of industries seeking higher tariffs

      d. workers concerned with establishing industrial unions

      e. middle-class reformers concerned with urban and consumer issues

  1. The establishment of the Federal Reserve System was prompted primarily by a need for

      a. social reform

      b. financial reform

      c. accurate product labeling

      d. control over trusts and monopolies

  1. For which action did Theodore Roosevelt win the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize?

      a. leading the Rough Riders                       

      b. developing the Roosevelt Corollary       

      c. negotiating the Treaty of Paris

      d. negotiating an end to war between Russia and Japan

  1. All of the following countries came under some form of U.S. control as a result of the Spanish-American War except

      a. Cuba                      c. Puerto Rico

      b. Hawaii                    d. the Philippines

  1. The Open Door policy was designed by President Theodore Roosevelt as a way for the U.S. to further

      a. its trade interests.

      b. its desires to annex foreign nations.

      c. international diplomacy.

      d. the establishment of democratic governments.

  1. Which statement about the Chinese Exclusion Act is true?

      a. It decreased Chinese immigration.

      b. It resulted in segregated classrooms.

      c. It was agreed to by China and the U.S.

      d. It prohibited Chinese Americans from working in industrial jobs.

  1. What was a significant impact of the Progressive movement on American life?

      a. It increased government regulation of business.

      b. It increased restrictions on presidential powers.

      c. It decreased influence of the media on public policy.

      d. It reduced government spending for social programs.

  1. Scientific management was an effort to improve efficiency by

      a. developing interchangeable parts

      b. making production tasks simpler and easier

      c. raising wages to improve workers’ attitudes

      d. improving the balance among business, government, and the worker

  1. An example of patronage would be

      a. bribing a government official

      b. assassinating a public official

      c. saying one thing and doing another

      d. appointing a friend to a political position

  1. Teddy Roosevelt’s approach to foreign policy reflected the proverb “speak softly and carry a big stick” because

      a. he allowed U.S. troops to beat foreign natives for breaking U.S. laws.

      b. he studied West African methods for negotiating with foreign powers.

      c. his soft-spoken personality made foreign leaders trust and admire him.

      d. his negotiations were always backed by the threat of military force.

  1. The illegal use of political influence for personal gain is called?

      a. Nativism.                c. gentlemen’s agreement.

      b. civil service.           d. graft.

  1. Which of the following is true about the Gentlemen’s Agreement?

      a. It decreased Japanese immigration

      b. It resulted in segregated classrooms.

      c. It caused anti-American rioting to Japan.

      d. it prohibited aliens from working in industrial jobs.

  1. What amendment granted women the right to vote?

      a. 16th Amendment               c. 17th Amendment

      b. 18th Amendment               d. 19th Amendment

  1. What agency was given the power to investigate unfair business practices and to issue orders to cease and desist”?

      a. Federal Reserve Act                    c. Clayton Antitrust Act

      b. Underwood Tariff                          d. Federal Trade Commission

  1. What policy decentralized private banking system under government control?

      a. Federal Reserve Act                    c. Clayton Antitrust Act

      b. Underwood Tariff                          d. Federal Trade Commission

  1. The Pendleton Civil Service Act required

      a. applicants for government jobs to pass an examination

      b. native born Americans to treat immigrants with courtesy.

      c. government workers to renounce all party loyalties.

      d. cities to provide services such as clean water to their residents.      

  1. Who gained most from the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment?

      a. party bosses                      c. state legislatures

      b. ordinary citizens                d. industrial leaders

  1. Which strategy was NOT employed by woman suffragists to obtain their goal?

a. They called for female workers to strike.

b. They advocated a constitutional amendment.

c.They tested the Fourteenth Amendment in court.                      

d. They convinced state legislatures to grant women the right to vote.

  1. Which of the following did Not keep African Americans in the South from voting?

      a. poll taxes                            c. the separate but equal doctrine

      b. grandfather clauses          d. literacy tests

  1. Which of the following was Not a result of the introduction of the assembly line?

      a. higher worker turnover                              c. decreased productivity

      b. reduced hours of the workday                 d. higher wages