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Fourth Grade

Kinds of Cartoons

Basically there are 5 kinds of cartoons: editorial/political, comic strips or panels, gag, illustration, and animated.

Editorial or political cartoons do in pictures what the editorial does in words. They encourage the reader to develop an opinion about something or someone prominent in the news. Often they are meant to be controversial. They appear on the editorial page as a single drawing with or without captions or titles. They may support the day's editorial or reflect another concern in the news of the day. Many poke fun of well known people by exaggerating facial or other physical features, making them a form of caricature.

Caricature Zone They have become a valued part of our expression. Pulitzer even gives a prize for cartoons!

Listed below are graphics of Political Cartoon activities we did in class and links to websites to help you accomplish your independent Political Cartooning analysis.

“Thomas Nast
Nast Cartoon Evaluation PowerPoint Template

Harper's Weekly The Impeachment of Andrew Jackson

Thomas Nast Rare Lincoln Political Caricatures
Scavenger Hunt

 Essential Question:
How do political cartoons represent point of view?

How to Create a Political Cartoon

Learn to Draw with KAT
The above link will give you the basics for starting your own political cartoon.

Review the Handout of the Research Assignment given to you in Challenge.

Finally, you draw your own cartoon using some of the symbols that cartoonists frequently use in their political cartoons.

Suggestions for cartoon ideas--issues or events

Bullies--Action Steps to Eliminate Bullying
From A Time for Kids "Monkey Business in New Delhi"
Kids News from National Geographic 
Military Tests May Harm Whales, Study Says
From PBS News Hour Extra: "Violent Video Game Ban"
From PBS News Hour Extra: "Homeless in America"

Use these links to find information about creating political cartoons.

To see cartoons created by other students look here.

Write an analysis of your cartoon:

You must include an analysis of your cartoon, written in the form of a paragraph. The analysis should contain the following information:

1. What issue or event is your cartoon based on?
2. What symbols can be found in your cartoon and what do they represent?
3. Are there any real people in your cartoon?
4. What opinion are you trying to express in your cartoon?

In-Class Challenge Analysis of
Political Cartoon Symbols.
Challenge Students will divide into groups and make a list of every day symbols they know of and write down what each symbol stands for? For example (Macdonalds arch, Nike swoosh, School mascot, football team logos, Yield and Stop signs, etc)

Discuss in your groups why symbols are used, and why they are effective?

Next your group should think about animals and how they are used as symbols or have other meanings.
-- if a person is described as either a pig, a shark, or a vulture, what does this mean? These descriptive adjectives are also symbols. (A shark for example could refer to a sports team, some one out to make money at an other's expense, or refer to golfer Greg Norman!)

In your groups consider the meaning of the following symbols:

Elephant; Donkey; Uncle Sam; a Dove; Dollar sign ($); the Statue of Liberty; Justice Statue--holding scale and wearing blindfold; American Flag; John Q Public; Olive Branch.

1.  How many different meanings can you come up with for each symbol?
2.  Each group should decide upon one meaning for each symbol.
3.  Each group will share with the rest of the class what their decision was.
4.  After, we will have a class discussion to see if all groups can come 
    together and decide what each symbol means.

In your groups examine political cartoons at
1948 Campaign Political Cartoons.
Make a list of the symbols used in these cartoons. Each group will discuss what they think the symbols mean.

Each group should then draw their own cartoon using any 3 of the following symbols correctly.

Elephant; Donkey; Uncle Sam; a Dove; Dollar sign ($); the Statue of Liberty; Justice Statue, John Q. Public

Your groups can add other symbols and characters to help present your message. The cartoon can relate to any subject but would likely involve politics and/or American history.

Rube Goldberg

Who is Rube Goldberg?
How has he influenced the United States?
What are some characteristics of an Invention cartoon?
Give an example of a cause/effect relationship.
What are some advertising techniques?  Give an example of each.
Honda Accord Commerical Working Contraption