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Melvin Gates > PHYSICAL SCIENCE SYLLABUS

                

Physical Science Honors Syllabus

2013-2014

 

Instructor: Melvin W. Gates

Course: Physical Science Honors 

Room #:237

Phone: 355-2833                                                        

Email address: mgates@greenville.k12.sc.us

 

General Course Description and Objectives:

 

Physical Science serves as the foundational course for all science courses at Eastside.  It is not considered a lab science.  Thirty percent of all work in this course will consist of students completing lab work.  Students will cover measurements, basic periodic principles, safety, acid and base chemistry, motion, force, waves, and electricity. 

 

Successful completion of the course should provide students with the skills to complete chemistry and physics in their junior or senior year. 

 

Course Outline

 

I. Unit Title: The Structure of Matter – Begin and End Dates: August 21- October 7

Chapter 16: Classifying Matter

Chapter 17: Properties of Solids

Chapter 18: Atomic Structure

Number of Days: 30 (time is approximate)

 

      Specific Outcomes (Objectives/Standards)

                        

Standard PS-1: The student will demonstrate an understanding of how scientific inquiry and technological design, including mathematical analysis, can be used appropriately to pose questions, seek answers, and develop solutions.

PS-1.2 Use appropriate laboratory apparatuses, technology, and techniques safely and accurately when conducting a scientific investigation.

PS-1.5 Organize and interpret the data from a controlled scientific investigation by using mathematics (including formulas and dimensional analysis), graphs, models, and/or technology.

PS-1.6 Evaluate the results of a controlled scientific investigation in terms of whether they refute or verify the hypothesis.

PS-1.9 Use appropriate safety procedures when conducting investigations.

Standard PS-3: The student will demonstrate an understanding of various properties and classifications of matter.

PS-3.1 Distinguish chemical properties of matter (including reactivity) from physical properties of matter (including boiling point, freezing/melting point, density [with density calculations], solubility, viscosity, and conductivity).

PS-3.3 Illustrate the difference between a molecule and an atom.

PS-3.4 Classify matter as a pure substance (either an element or a compound) or as a mixture (either homogeneous or heterogeneous) on the basis of its structure and/or composition.

PS-3.5 Explain the effects of temperature, particle size, and agitation on the rate at which a solid dissolves in a liquid.

PS-3.6 Compare the properties of the four states of matter—solid, liquid, gas, and plasma—in terms of the arrangement and movement of particles.

PS-3.7 Explain the processes of phase change in terms of temperature, heat transfer, and particle arrangement.

Standard PS-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of chemical reactions and the classifications, structures, and properties of chemical compounds.

PS-4.6 Distinguish between chemical changes (including the formation of gas or reactivity with acids) and physical changes (including changes in size, shape, color, and/or phase).

 

     

 

 

 

                     

 

II.   Unit Title: Nature of Matter.  October 7 –November 17

Chapter 18:  The Periodic Table

                       Periodic Trends

                         Molar Mass and Percent Composition

Chapter 22:    Nuclear Reactions

 

Number of Days: 37 (time is approximate)

   

        Specific Outcomes (Objectives/Standards)

                        

Standard PS-2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the structure and properties of atoms

PS-2.1 Compare the subatomic particles (protons, neutrons, electrons) of an atom with regard to mass, location, and charge, and explain how these particles affect the properties of an atom (including identity, mass, volume, and reactivity).

PS-2.2 Illustrate the fact that the atoms of elements exist as stable or unstable isotopes.

PS-2.3 Explain the trends of the periodic table based on the elements' valence electrons and atomic numbers.

PS-2.4 Use the atomic number and the mass number to calculate the number of protons, neutrons, and/or electrons for a given isotope of an element.

PS-2.5 Predict the charge that a representative element will acquire according to the arrangement of electrons in its outer energy level.

PS-2.6 Compare fission and fusion (including the basic processes and the fact that both fission and fusion convert a fraction of the mass of interacting particles into energy and release a great amount of energy).

PS-2.7 Explain the consequences that the use of nuclear applications (including medical technologies, nuclear power plants, and nuclear weapons) can have.

 

III.   Unit Title: Changes in Matter – Begin and End Dates: November 25- January 19

Chapter 19: Chemical Bonding

Chapter 20: Chemical Equations

Chapter 21: Chemical Reactions

Number of Days: 40 (time is approximate)

 

 

        Specific Outcomes (Objectives/Standards)

                        

Standard PS-1: The student will demonstrate an understanding of how scientific inquiry and technological design, including mathematical analysis, can be used appropriately to pose questions, seek answers, and develop solutions.

PS-1.4 Design a scientific investigation with appropriate methods of control to test a hypothesis (including independent and dependent variables), and evaluate the designs of sample investigations.

PS-1.5 Organize and interpret the data from a controlled scientific investigation by using mathematics (including formulas and dimensional analysis), graphs, models, and/or technology.

PS-1.6 Evaluate the results of a controlled scientific investigation in terms of whether they refute or verify the hypothesis.

PS-1.9 Use appropriate safety procedures when conducting investigations.

Standard PS-3: The student will demonstrate an understanding of various properties and classifications of matter.

PS-3.2 Infer the practical applications of organic and inorganic substances on the basis of their chemical and physical properties.

PS-3.8 Classify various solutions as acids or bases according to their physical properties, chemical properties (including neutralization and reaction with metals), generalized formulas, and pH (using pH meters, or pH paper, and litmus paper).

Standard PS-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of chemical reactions and the classifications, structures, and properties of chemical compounds.

PS-4.1 Explain the role of bonding in achieving chemical stability.

PS-4.2 Explain how the process of covalent bonding provides chemical stability through the sharing of electrons.

PS-4.3 Illustrate the fact that ions attract ions of opposite charge from all directions and form crystal lattices.

PS-4.4 Classify compounds as crystalline (containing ionic bonds) or molecular (containing covalent bonds) based on whether their outer electrons are transferred or shared.

PS-4.5 Predict the ratio by which the representative elements combine to form binary ionic compounds, and represent that ratio in a chemical formula.

PS-4.6 Distinguish between chemical changes (including the formation of gas or reactivity with acids) and physical changes (including changes in size, shape, color, and/or phase).

PS-4.7 Summarize characteristics of balanced chemical equations (including conservation of mass and changes in energy in the form of heat—that is, exothermic or endothermic reactions).

PS-4.8 Summarize evidence (including the evolution of gas; the formation of a precipitate; and/or changes in temperature, color, and/or odor) that a chemical reaction has occurred.

PS-4.9 Apply a procedure to balance equations for a simple synthesis or decomposition reaction.

PS-4.10 Recognize simple chemical equations (including single replacement and double replacement) as being balanced or not balanced.

PS-4.11 Explain the effects of temperature, concentration, surface area, and the presence of a catalyst on reaction rates.

 

 

IV.   Unit Title: Force and Motion – Begin and End Dates: January 20-March 02

Chapter 1: Speed and Velocity

Chapter 2: Acceleration

Chapter 3: Force

Number of Days: 30 (time is approximate)

 

         Specific Outcomes (Objectives/Standards)

                        

Standard PS-1: The student will demonstrate an understanding of how scientific inquiry and technological design, including mathematical analysis, can be used appropriately to pose questions, seek answers, and develop solutions.

PS-1.1 Generate hypotheses on the basis of credible, accurate, and relevant sources of scientific information.

PS-1.2 Use appropriate laboratory apparatuses, technology, and techniques safely and accurately when conducting a scientific investigation.

PS-1.3 Use scientific instruments to record measurement data in appropriate metric units that reflect the precision and accuracy of each particular instrument.

PS-1.4 Design a scientific investigation with appropriate methods of control to test a hypothesis (including independent and dependent variables), and evaluate the designs of sample investigations.

PS-1.5 Organize and interpret the data from a controlled scientific investigation by using mathematics (including formulas and dimensional analysis), graphs, models, and/or technology.

PS-1.9 Use appropriate safety procedures when conducting investigations.

Standard PS-5: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the nature of forces and motion.

PS-5.1 Explain the relationship among distance, time, direction, and the velocity of an object

PS-5.2 Use the formula v = d/t to solve problems related to average speed or velocity.

PS-5.3 Explain how changes in velocity and time affect the acceleration of an object.

PS-5.4 Use the formula a = (vf-vi)/t to determine the acceleration of an object.

PS-5.5 Explain how acceleration due to gravity affects the velocity of an object as it falls.

PS-5.6 Represent the linear motion of objects on distance-time graphs.

PS-5.7 Explain the motion of objects on the basis of Newton's three laws of motion: inertia; the relationship among force, mass, and acceleration; and action and reaction forces.

PS-5.8 Use the formula F = ma to solve problems related to force.

PS-5.9 Explain the relationship between mass and weight by using the formula FW = mag.

PS-5.10 Explain how the gravitational force between two objects is affected by the mass of each object and the distance between them.

            

 

                    

V.   Unit Title: Energy – Begin and End Dates:  March 03-April 13

Chapter 4: Work

Chapter 5 : Energy

Chapter 6: Electricity

Number of Days: 27 (time is approximate)

 

        Specific Outcomes (Objectives/Standards)

                        

Standard PS-1: The student will demonstrate an understanding of how scientific inquiry and technological design, including mathematical analysis, can be used appropriately to pose questions, seek answers, and develop solutions.

PS-1.1 Generate hypotheses on the basis of credible, accurate, and relevant sources of scientific information.

PS-1.2 Use appropriate laboratory apparatuses, technology, and techniques safely and accurately when conducting a scientific investigation.

PS-1.3 Use scientific instruments to record measurement data in appropriate metric units that reflect the precision and accuracy of each particular instrument.

PS-1.4 Design a scientific investigation with appropriate methods of control to test a hypothesis (including independent and dependent variables), and evaluate the designs of sample investigations.

PS-1.5 Organize and interpret the data from a controlled scientific investigation by using mathematics (including formulas and dimensional analysis), graphs, models, and/or technology.

PS-1.6 Evaluate the results of a controlled scientific investigation in terms of whether they refute or verify the hypothesis.

PS-1.7 Evaluate a technological design or product on the basis of designated criteria (including cost, time, and materials).

PS-1.8 Compare the processes of scientific investigation and technological design.

PS-1.9 Use appropriate safety procedures when conducting investigations.

Standard PS-6: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the nature, conservation, and transformation of energy.

PS-6.1 Explain how the law of conservation of energy applies to the transformation of various forms of energy (including mechanical energy, electrical energy, chemical energy, light energy, sound energy, and thermal energy).

PS-6.2 Explain the factors that determine potential and kinetic energy and the transformation of one to the other.

PS-6.3 Explain work in terms of the relationship among the force applied to an object, the displacement of the object, and the energy transferred to the object.

PS-6.4 Use the formula W = Fd to solve problems related to work done on an object.

PS-6.5 Explain how objects can acquire a static electric charge through friction, induction, and conduction.

PS-6.6 Explain the relationships among voltage, resistance, and current in Ohm's law.

PS-6.7 Use the formula V = IR to solve problems related to electric circuits.

PS-6.8 Represent an electric circuit by drawing a circuit diagram that includes the symbols for a resistor, switch, and voltage source.

PS-6.9 Compare the functioning of simple series and parallel electrical circuits.

PS-6.10 Compare alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) in terms of the production of electricity and the direction of current flow.

PS-6.11 Explain the relationship of magnetism to the movement of electric charges in electromagnets, simple motors, and generators.

 

 

 

VI. Unit Title:  Waves.    Begin April 14-May 15

 

Chapter 11:  Mechanical waves

Chapter 12-13:  Sound

Chapter 14: Electromagnetic Waves

 

                        Specific Outcomes (Objectives/Standards)

 

Standard PS-1: The student will demonstrate an understanding of how scientific inquiry and technological design, including mathematical analysis, can be used appropriately to pose questions, seek answers, and develop solutions.

PS-1.2 Use appropriate laboratory apparatuses, technology, and techniques safely and accurately when conducting a scientific investigation.

PS-1.3 Use scientific instruments to record measurement data in appropriate metric units that reflect the precision and accuracy of each particular instrument.

PS-1.4 Design a scientific investigation with appropriate methods of control to test a hypothesis (including independent and dependent variables), and evaluate the designs of sample investigations.

PS-1.5 Organize and interpret the data from a controlled scientific investigation by using mathematics (including formulas and dimensional analysis), graphs, models, and/or technology.

PS-1.9 Use appropriate safety procedures when conducting investigations.

Standard PS-7: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the nature and properties of mechanical and electromagnetic waves.

PS-7.1 Illustrate ways that the energy of waves is transferred by interaction with matter (including transverse and longitudinal/compressional waves).

PS-7.2 Compare the nature and properties of transverse and longitudinal/compressional mechanical waves.

PS-7.3 Summarize characteristics of waves (including displacement, frequency, period, amplitude, wavelength, and velocity as well as the relationships among these characteristics).

PS-7.4 Use the formulas v = f and v = d/t to solve problems related to the velocity of waves.

PS-7.5 Summarize the characteristics of the electromagnetic spectrum (including range of wavelengths, frequency, energy, and propagation without a medium).

PS-7.6 Summarize reflection and interference of both sound and light waves and the refraction and diffraction of light waves.

PS-7.7 Explain the Doppler effect conceptually in terms of the frequency of the waves and the pitch of the sound.

 

 

 

 

Text:

Foundations of

Physical Science (Tsu)

 

 

Materials Needed:

Books Everyday

4 Clasp Folders

Pencils, Black or Blue Only Pens, Colored Pencils or Markers

 

 

 

 

Grading Policy and Assessments:

 

A = 93-100

B =   85-92

C =   77-84

D =   70-76

F =     0-69

 

 

Homework/Class work/ Labs/ Quizzes        40%      

Major Tests/Projects:                                    60%

 

     The students are required to read the assigned materials, take notes, complete assigned vocabulary and review questions.  The lab grade will be based on the student’s preparation, participation, safety, and attitude during the lab and questions or quiz that might follow each lab procedure. 

              All work must have student’s first and last name, class period, date, and title of assignment in the upper right hand           

              corner of the first page.  Multiple pages should be stapled.  Each student should keep a record of their grades in the

              front of their notebooks. 

 

What to do if you miss a class:

Excused Absence: If you have an excused absence, you will be allowed to make up work, tests, quizzes, and projects with no penalty, if you have an excused note.  Provisions for make-up of schoolwork missed is the student’s responsibility and shall be worked out with the teacher(s) at the earliest time possible, but the time by which the work is completed and turned in should not exceed five (5) consecutive school days after you return to school.

 

Unexcused Absence:  Teachers are not required to accept makeup work or provided testing for students with unexcused absences.

 

           

 

 

 

 

Student Information Sheet for Physical Science Honors

 

 

STUDENT’S NAME_________________________ BIRTHDAY_______________

 

STUDENT’S ADDRESS________________________________

 

                                         ________________________________

 

HOME PHONE__________________

 

MOTHER’S NAME______________________________________

 

MOTHER’S WORK PHONE ____________________e-mail______________________

 

FATHER’S NAME_______________________________________

 

FATHER’S WORK PHONE _____________________e-mail______________________

 

Student is allowed to watch PG-13 videos which pertain to Physical Science.  ______ (please check)

 

Please return the completed form within five days.

 

******If you use email please email me at mgates@greenville.k12.sc.us with your child’s name in the subject line.  This will allow me to have your address on record in my computer to help facilitate communication.

 

My child and I have read the syllabus for Physical Science Honors and the class rules.   

 

___________________________ Parent’s/Guardian’s Signature

 

___________________________ Student’s Signature      ___________ Class Period

 

2013-2014 Syllabus Physical Science Honors   Mr. Melvin W. Gates

 

Academic Dishonesty       

Any student found guilty of academic dishonesty will be given a zero on the work.  The parents will be notified by the teacher.  Academic dishonesty includes “giving help” on a test or assignment as well as “receiving help”. Plagiarism is a form of academic dishonesty; this includes information obtained through computer sources. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Physical Science Honors

 

          This course is taught using a balanced literacy approach.  Students must be able to write, speak, complete projects, experiment, read, listen for detail, observe, and organize data.  Today there is a demand for young men and women who can think, reason, and use their minds well (Schlechty, 2002).

 

          Quizzes will be given every Tuesday in this course. Be prepared.  A vocabulary powerpoint is due for each chapter.  Students must collect a picture, give function, and/or definition about the word, and one important detail about the word.

 

            The first quiz for this course will be August 27, 2013.  Tests will be given once a month.  Lab assessment techniques will be administered on a weekly basis. (Know your equipment and how to use them properly).

 

 

Test Dates

 

Test 1                          September 19, 2013

 

Test 2                          October 24, 2013

 

Test 3                          November 21, 2013

 

Test 4                          December 19, 2013

 

Test 5                          Midterm (January, 2014)

 

Test 6                          February 20, 2014

 

Test 7                          March 20, 2014

 

Test 8                          April 17, 2014

 

Test 9                          May 22, 2014

 

Final Exam                  June 2-6, 2014 (Except Seniors)

 

 

                  

“A person who will not read and learn is just as ignorant as a person that does not know how to read.”  Mark Twain

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Physical Science Honors Classroom Expectations

 

·         Everyone is responsible his or her own actions.  You are expected to follow all classroom, school rules, dress code for lab, and the school dress code. 

·         Be prepared at all times.  You never know what might happen.

·         Bring your text books on a daily basis.

·         Complete all assignments by the due date.

·         Respect the privacy of your neighbors.

·         Smile often. 

 

 

Physical Science Honors Cell Phone Usage (New)!!!!   Celebration

 

·        Cell phones can be used in physical science class when appropriate during instructional time.  Cell phones are not to be used for texting others or surfing the web without permission. They will be confiscated and given to the front office.

·        Appropriate use of cell phones include: taking pictures of a lab experiment or design.  Finding an appropriate science article to read and critique.

·        Cell phones are your personal responsibility if you use them.  Do not let others borrow them.

 

 

Physical Science Honors Violation Policy

 

·         Students not using discretion will lose cell phone privilege.  Serve detention.  (1st offense)

·         Parents will be notified.

·         Late work will not be accepted after week 7 of each quarter.  Students will receive a fraction of the grade for the number of weeks missing (twenty points deduction for each week late).

·         Students will receive a 1 for work not turned in on the due date.

·         Detention is given to students who disrupt class instruction.